Much of the equipment used in the refining and processing industries is known as Process Equipment. Most pieces of process equipment are designed to perform specific, singular tasks. Process equipment can be used for tasks a varied as storage, controlling flow, and containing chemical reactions.
A heat exchanger is a device that allows heat from a fluid (a liquid or a gas) to pass to a second fluid (another liquid or gas) without the two fluids having to mix together or come into direct contact. Shell and tube heat exchangers consist of series of tubes. One set of these tubes contains the fluid that must be either heated or cooled.
Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by selective boiling and condensation. Industrial distillation is typically performed in large, vertical cylindrical columns known as distillation towers or distillation columns with diameters ranging from about 65 centimetres to 16 meters and heights ranging from about 6 meters to 90 meters or more.
Mechanical agitators are very common equipment used in the chemical processing plants. They are normally used for mixing fluids, but can also be used for increasing mass & heat transfer. Types of agitator commonly used in industry are paddle, anchor, turbine & propeller.
Ribbon blender/mixer is generally used for mixing dry powders, granules & bulk drugs and chemicals. They can operate in batch or continuous mode. The material can be heated or cooled while mixing takes place. Particle size and bulk density of solids have great influence on mixing efficiency of ribbon blender.